The report summarized in the following pages concerns the first of several studies dealing with future requirements for the public support of research in the natural sciences currently being carried out under the direction of the NAS‐NRC Committee on Science and Public Policy with financial support from the National Science Foundation. Forthcoming additions to the series will include reports on physics, chemistry, and the employment of computers in research.
The following article is based on an address presented at the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Corporate Associates of the American Institute of Physics, which was held at the Rockefeller Institute in New York City on October 1, 1964. Morton S. Roberts is on the staff of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia. The Observatory is operated by Associated Universities, Inc., under contract with the National Science Foundation.