We older disciples of the great Wolfgang Pauli remember with pleasure and nostalgia the prewar years when we had the privilege to work with him. It was one of the most interesting, stimulating and productive periods in physics. At the same time, however, Europe saw events that were among the most terrible and depraved actions of man against man. The coincidence in the history of humankind of the greatest achievements and the worst evils has always impressed and depressed me deeply. As Dickens said: “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.”

1.
I have told the story that answers this question before; however, an author is allowed to republish his own results. See V. Weisskopf, Physics in the XX Century, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. (1972), p. 1.
2.
W.
Pauli
,
V. F.
Weisskopf
,
Helv. Phys. Acta
7
,
709
(
1934
).
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