The story of how the existence of the meson was established starts much earlier than the finding of the first of these new particles. The story begins, as most tales of new scientific discoveries begin, with scientists obtaining experimental data which cannot be interpreted in terms of previously accepted ideas. In this case, the apparently inexplicable data came from studies on the properties of the cosmic radiation.
Ugo Camerini, Hugh Muirhead; Mesons. Physics Today 1 May 1950; 3 (5): 16–21. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3066876
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