The significance of science as an element in the national security has never before been felt so keenly nor on so widespread a level as it is today, a fact that is reflected in part by an ever present need for scientists to fill vacant or newly created positions in government agencies. At the same time it is recognized in scientific and government circles alike that progress demands a working climate favorable to the growth of fundamental ideas in all branches of science. To some extent these needs are in conflict, for the individuals whose services are most in demand for the carrying out of specific projects in the applied sciences are very often the ones who are also best prepared to contribute usefully to basic research.

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