The fifth anniversary of the founding of the United Nations was celebrated under circumstances no more promising for world peace than those of earlier such occasions, yet the event was notable because the UN has lived five full years, and has in the process shown a growing awareness of its responsibilities and its strength. Of the UN's efforts in international relations, two have been of special concern to scientists. One has had to do with the work of the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, apparently lifeless for the past many months. The other, the work of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, has had more immediate effect in terms of demonstrating the value of science as an instrument for bettering human society. The following pages summarize both the present situation in the UNAEC and the works in progress of Unesco.

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