THE YEAR OF Ernst Mach's hundredth birthday, 1938, was the first occasion for commemorating his work. At that time the difficult political situation in Central Europe made any such event unfeasible. The members of the so-called “Vienna School” of neopositivism, who at their beginning had assumed the name of “Ernst Mach Society,” had dispersed, and in Prague, where a program of lectures on Mach had been prepared, the celebrations had to be curtailed because of unrest in the spring of 1938. Spring of 1966 was the next opportunity for remembering Mach and his work, on the 50th anniversary of his death in 1916. In fact, the “Ernst‐Mach‐Institute” in Freiburg im Breisgau arranged an international conference on Mach, and last December the American Association for the Advancement of Science, with its Ernst Mach Symposium, also shared in honoring Mach's personality and work.

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