Computational models are capable of quantifying the expected thermal response of biological tissue to laser irradiation. A typical laser-tissue model accounts for optical energy deposition, heat transfer, and damage assessment, with the later often represented by calculation of the Arrhenius integral. Previous studies have successfully employed these methods to predict skin damage thresholds at laser wavelengths with high absorption in water, and usually for single continuous-wave exposures. However, there remains a need for a robust and accurate predictive model in low-absorption, high-scattering cases, such as for lasers in the near-infrared (NIR) region near 1 µm, where a large volume of tissue is heated simultaneously. This study presents a framework for modeling laser irradiation of skin tissue at 1070-nm for both continuous-wave and pulsed exposures with durations ranging from 10−2 to 101 seconds. We report the modeled skin thermal responses alongside thermal camera recordings of in-vivo porcine exposures as validation of simulation integrity. Comparisons of modeled damage thresholds calculated by the Arrhenius integral with past experimentally-determined minimum visible lesion ED50 data demonstrate a high degree of accuracy. The techniques outlined by this study provide a useful tool in assessing potentially hazardous near-infrared laser exposure scenarios while informing future investigations into modeling skin laser exposure at these wavelength regions.
Visible lesion threshold modeling of skin laser exposure at 1070-nm
Michael P. DeLisi, Nicholas J. Gamez, ElHarith M. Ahmed, Chad A. Oian, Benjamin A. Rockwell, Robert J. Thomas; November 27–30, 1990. "Visible lesion threshold modeling of skin laser exposure at 1070-nm." Proceedings of the International Laser Safety Conference. ILSC® 2019: Proceedings of the International Laser Safety Conference. Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. (pp. 304). ASME. https://doi.org/10.2351/1.5118574
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