Photodissociation of H2S in the VUV region plays an important role in the atmospheric chemistry and interstellar chemistry. To date, however, few studies have been focused on this topic. In this article, we have described a laser dispersion method applied in the apparatus combining the high-n H atom Rydberg tagging time-of-flight technique with the vacuum ultraviolet free electron laser (VUV FEL). The Lyman-α laser beam (121.6 nm) used in the H-atom detection was generated by the difference frequency four-wave mixing schemes in a Kr/Ar gas cell. After passing through an off-axis biconvex LiF lens, the 121.6 nm beam was dispersed from the 212.6 nm and 845 nm beams due to the different deflection angles experienced by these laser beams at the surfaces of the biconvex lens. This method can eliminate the background signal from the 212.6 nm photolysis. Combined with the VUV FEL, photodissociation of H2S at 122.95 nm was studied successfully. The TOF spectrum was measured and the derived total kinetic energy release spectrum was displayed. The results suggest that the experimental setup is a powerful tool for investigating photodissociation dynamics of molecules in the VUV region which involves the H-atom elimination processes.

[1]
E. F.
van Dishoeck
,
E.
Herbst
, and
D. A.
Neufeld
,
Chem. Rev.
113
,
9043
(
2013
).
[2]
K. J.
Yuan
,
R. N.
Dixon
, and
X. M.
Yang
,
Acc. Chem. Res.
44
,
369
(
2011
).
[3]
G. H. C.
New
and
J. F.
Ward
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
19
,
556
(
1967
).
[4]
R.
Mahon
,
T. J.
McIlrath
, and
D. W.
Koopman
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
33
,
305
(
1978
).
[5]
R.
Mahon
and
Y. M.
Yiu
,
Opt. Lett.
5
,
279
(
1980
).
[6]
R.
Hilbig
and
R.
Wallenstein
,
Appl. Opt.
21
,
913
(
1982
).
[7]
K.
Yuan
,
L.
Cheng
,
Y.
Cheng
,
Q.
Guo
,
D.
Dai
, and
X.
Yang
,
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
79
,
124101
(
2008
).
[8]
Y.
Chang
,
S.
Yu
,
Q.
Li
,
Y.
Yu
,
H.
Wang
,
S.
Su
,
Z.
Chen
,
L.
Che
,
X.
Wang
,
W.
Zhang
,
D.
Dai
,
G.
Wu
,
K.
Yuan
, and
X.
Yang
,
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
89
,
063113
(
2018
).
[9]
J. J.
Lin
,
J.
Zhou
,
W.
Shiu
, and
K.
Liu
,
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
74
,
2495
(
2003
).
[10]
D. H.
Parker
and
A. T. J. B.
Eppink
,
J. Chem. Phys.
107
,
2357
(
1997
).
[11]
N.
Saito
,
Y.
Oishi
,
K.
Miyazaki
,
K.
Okamura
,
J.
Nakamura
,
O. A.
Louchev
,
M.
Iwasaki
, and
S.
Wada
,
Opt. Express.
24
,
7566
(
2016
).
[12]
L. P.
Shi
,
W. X.
Li
,
H.
Zhou
,
D.
Wang
,
L. E.
Ding
, and
H. P.
Zeng
,
Phys. Rev. A
88
,
053825
(
2013
).
[13]
W.
Cao
,
E. R.
Warrick
,
A.
Fidler
,
S. R.
Leone
, and
D. M.
Neumark
,
Phys. Rev. A
94
,
021802
(
2016
).
[14]
D.
Normand
,
J.
Morellec
, and
J.
Reif
,
J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.
16
,
L227
(
1983
).
[15]
K. S. E.
Eikema
,
J.
Walz
, and
T. W.
Hänsch
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
83
,
3828
(
1999
).
[16]
D. R.
Albert
,
D. L.
Proctor
, and
H. F.
Davis
,
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
84
,
063104
(
2013
).
[17]
J. P.
Marangos
,
N.
Shen
,
H.
Ma
,
M. H. R.
Hutchinson
, and
J. P.
Connerade
,
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B
7
,
1254
(
1990
).
[18]
G.
Hilber
,
A.
Lago
, and
R.
Wallenstein
,
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B
4
,
1753
(
1987
).
[19]
B.
Jones
,
J.
Zhou
,
L.
Yang
, and
C. Y.
Ng
,
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
79
,
123106
(
2008
).
[20]
X.
Yang
,
J.
Lin
,
Y. T.
Lee
,
D. A.
Blank
,
A. G.
Suits
, and
A. M.
Wodtke
,
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
68
,
3317
(
1997
).
[21]
H.
Wang
,
Y.
Yu
,
Y.
Chang
,
S.
Su
,
S.
Yu
,
Q.
Li
,
K.
Tao
,
H.
Ding
,
J.
Yang
,
G.
Wang
,
L.
Che
,
Z.
He
,
Z.
Chen
,
X.
Wang
,
W.
Zhang
,
D.
Dai
,
G.
Wu
,
K.
Yuan
, and
X.
Yang
,
J. Chem. Phys.
148
,
124301
(
2018
).
[22]
Y.
Chang
,
Y.
Yu
,
H.
Wang
,
X.
Hu
,
Q.
Li
,
J.
Yang
,
S.
Su
,
Z.
He
,
Z.
Chen
,
L.
Che
,
X.
Wang
,
W.
Zhang
,
G.
Wu
,
D.
Xie
,
M. N. R.
Ashfold
,
K.
Yuan
, and
X.
Yang
,
Nat. Commun.
10
,
1250
(
2019
).
[23]
K.
Yuan
,
Y.
Cheng
,
L.
Cheng
,
Q.
Guo
,
D.
Dai
,
X.
Wang
,
X.
Yang
, and
R. N.
Dixon
,
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
105
,
19148
(
2008
).
[24]
S. A.
Harich
,
D. W. H.
Hwang
,
X.
Yang
,
J. J.
Lin
,
X.
Yang
, and
R. N.
Dixon
,
J. Chem. Phys.
113
,
10073
(
2000
).
[25]
R. N.
Dixon
,
D. W.
Hwang
,
X. F.
Yang
,
S.
Harich
,
J. J.
Lin
, and
X.
Yang
,
Science
285
,
1249
(
1999
).
[26]
C.
Xiao
,
X.
Xu
,
S.
Liu
,
T.
Wang
,
W.
Dong
,
T.
Yang
,
Z.
Sun
,
D.
Dai
,
X.
Xu
,
D. H.
Zhang
, and
X.
Yang
,
Science
333
,
440
(
2011
).
[27]
T.
Yang
,
J.
Chen
,
L.
Huang
,
T.
Wang
,
C.
Xiao
,
Z.
Sun
,
D.
Dai
,
X.
Yang
, and
D. H.
Zhang
,
Science
347
,
60
(
2015
).
[28]
L. C.
Lee
,
X.
Wang
, and
M.
Suto
,
J. Chem. Phys.
86
,
4353
(
1987
).
[29]
Y. J.
Wu
,
H. C.
Lu
,
H. K.
Chen
,
B. M.
Cheng
,
Y. P.
Lee
, and
L. C.
Lee
,
J. Chem. Phys.
127
,
154311
(
2007
).
[30]
P.
Saraswathy
,
K.
Sunanda
,
S.
Aparna
, and
B. N. Raja
Sekhar
,
Spectro. Lett.
43
,
290
(
2010
).
[31]
F. Z.
Chen
and
C. Y. R.
Wu
,
J. Quant. Spectrosc. RA
85
,
195
(
2004
).
[32]
G. R.
Wu
,
B.
Jiang
,
Q.
Ran
,
J.
Zhang
,
S. A.
Harich
, and
X.
Yang
,
J. Chem. Phys.
120
,
2193
(
2004
).
[33]
G. R.
Wu
,
J. H.
Zhang
,
S. A.
Harich
, and
X. M.
Yang
,
Chin. J. Chem. Phys.
19
,
109
(
2006
).
[34]
J.
Zhou
,
B.
Jones
,
X.
Yang
,
W. M.
Jackson
, and
C. Y.
Ng
,
J. Chem. Phys.
128
,
014305
(
2008
).
[35]
S. J.
Hanna
,
P.
Campuzano-Jost
,
E. A.
Simpson
,
D. B.
Robb
,
I.
Burak
,
M. W.
Blades
,
J. W.
Hepburn
, and
A. K.
Bertram
,
Int. J. Mass Spectrom.
279
,
134
(
2009
).
[36]
L.
Schnieder
,
W.
Meier
,
K. H.
Welge
,
M. N. R.
Ashfold
, and
C. M.
Western
,
J. Chem. Phys.
92
,
7027
(
1990
).
[37]
P. A.
Cook
,
S. R.
Langford
,
R. N.
Dixon
, and
M. N. R.
Ashfold
,
J. Chem. Phys.
114
,
1672
(
2001
).
[38]
J.
Delwiche
and
P.
Natalis
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
5
,
564
(
1970
).
[39]
W. G.
Hawkins
and
P. L.
Houston
,
J. Chem. Phys.
73
,
297
(
1980
).
[40]
W. G.
Hawkins
,
J. Chem. Phys.
76
,
729
(
1982
).
[41]
Z.
Xu
,
B.
Koplitz
, and
C.
Wittig
,
J. Chem. Phys.
87
,
1062
(
1987
).
[42]
J.
Steadmana
and
T.
Baer
,
J. Chem. Phys.
91
,
6113
(
1989
).
[43]
B. R.
Weiner
,
H. B.
Levene
,
J. J.
Valentini
, and
A. P.
Baronavski
,
J. Chem. Phys.
90
,
1403
(
1989
).
[44]
X.
Xie
,
L.
Schnieder
,
H.
Wallmeier
,
R.
Boettner
,
K. H.
Welge
, and
M. N. R.
Ashfold
,
J. Chem. Phys.
92
,
1608
(
1990
).
[45]
R. E.
Continetti
,
B. A.
Balko
, and
Y. T.
Lee
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
182
,
400
(
1991
).
[46]
[47]
X.
Liu
,
D. W.
Hwang
,
X. F.
Yang
,
S.
Harich
,
J. J.
Lin
, and
X.
Yang
,
J. Chem. Phys.
111
,
3940
(
1999
).
[48]
R. N.
Dixon
,
C. C.
Marston
, and
G. G.
Balint-Kurti
,
J. Chem. Phys.
93
,
6520
(
1990
).
[49]
K.
Weide
,
V.
Staemmler
, and
R.
Schinke
,
J. Chem. Phys.
93
,
861
(
1990
).
[50]
B.
Heumann
,
K.
Weide
,
R.
Düren
, and
R.
Schinke
,
J. Chem. Phys.
98
,
5508
(
1993
).
[51]
D.
Simah
,
B.
Hartke
, and
H. J.
Werner
,
J. Chem. Phys.
111
,
4523
(
1999
).
[52]
L. C.
Lee
and
M.
Suto
,
Chem. Phys.
110
,
161
(
1986
).
[53]
S. M.
Resende
and
F. R.
Ornellas
,
J. Chem. Phys.
115
,
2178
(
2001
).
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.