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(a) Multi-frame averaged STEM image of silicon measured with [110] zone axi...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 5.14 (a) Multi-frame averaged STEM image of silicon measured with [110] zone axis and histogram of inter-atomic distance along the (b) x and (c) y direction ( Yankovich et al., 2014 ). The scale bar in (a) is 400 pm. The error bars in (b) and (c) are the square root of the frequency, the curves are the best-fit normal distributions, and σ represents the standard deviations. Reproduced with permission from Yankovich et al., Nat. Commun. 5 , 4155 (2014). Copyright 2014 Springer Nature. More about this image found in (a) Multi-frame averaged STEM image of silicon measured with [110] zone axi...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425514_023
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2551-4
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2548-4
... Transparent and comprehensive reporting of findings Institutionalizing Practices for More Rapid Knowledge Accumulation Funding agencies Preeminent journals Evidence clearinghouses Other incentives Closing comments Knowledge creation in any scientific field requires high methodological standards...
Images
Several studies conducted on student learning have been aimed at establishi...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 8.2 Several studies conducted on student learning have been aimed at establishing how students acquire a quantum view of phenomena using phenomenographic methods (top left) or quantum-classic index (top right). In both types of research, different types of questions are used, sometimes also u... More about this image found in Several studies conducted on student learning have been aimed at establishi...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425712_014
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2571-2
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2568-2
.... , Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física   28 ( 2 ), 143 – 150 ( 2006 ). 10.1590/S0102-47442006000200004 APST , Australian Professional Standards for Teachers ( Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership , Melbourne , 2014 ). Retrieved from http://www.aitsl.edu.au/australian...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Methods
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425743_007
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2574-3
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2572-9
.... In this section, we describe the design of EMPC and its theoretical properties. In particular, we will also introduce a computationally efficient EMPC design to handle the high computational complexity of the standard EMPC. Standard EMPC formulation The basic EMPC design differs from the MPC optimization problem...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2571-2
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2568-2
... Technology: A Primer for the 21st Century ( Springer , Singapore , 2019 ). ISTE, ISTE standards for teachers ( 2008 ), see https://cdn.iste.org/www-root/Libraries/Images/Standards/Download/ISTE%20Standards%20for%20Teachers%2C%202008%20(Permitted%20Educational%20Use).pdf (last accessed July 20...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2571-2
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2568-2
.... , Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física   28 ( 2 ), 143 – 150 ( 2006 ). 10.1590/S0102-47442006000200004 APST , Australian Professional Standards for Teachers ( Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership , Melbourne , 2014 ). Retrieved from http://www.aitsl.edu.au/australian...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425712_001
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2571-2
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2568-2
... standards for teachers ( 2008 ), see https://cdn.iste.org/www-root/Libraries/Images/Standards/Download/ISTE%20Standards%20for%20Teachers%2C%202008%20(Permitted%20Educational%20Use).pdf (last accessed July 20, 2022 ). ISTE , ISTE standards: educators ( 2017 ), see https://www.iste.org/standards...
Images
Results of the path analysis part of SEM models 1–4 show how the relationsh...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 2.3 Results of the path analysis part of SEM models 1–4 show how the relationship between gender and physics identity is mediated through self-efficacy, interest, and perceived recognition (P.R.). (a) In model 1, there are only covariances between each pair of constructs: self-efficacy, P.R., and interest. (b) In model 2, self-efficacy predicts interest and P.R., and interest predicts P.R. (c) In model 3, interest predicts self-efficacy and P.R., and self-efficacy predicts P.R. (d) In model 4, P.R. predicts interest and self-efficacy, and self-efficacy predicts interest. The dashed lines represent residual covariances between constructs. The solid lines represent regression paths, and the numbers on the lines are standardized regression coefficients (β values), which represent the strength of the regression relations. Each regression line thickness qualitatively corresponds to the magnitude of the β value. Regression coefficients with p < 0.050 are indicated by superscript ***, p < 0.010 are indicated by superscript **, and p ≤ 0.001 are indicated by no superscript. For clarity, we have removed the statistically insignificant regression paths from gender to identity or gender to P.R. and self-efficacy in models 2 and 3. More about this image found in Results of the path analysis part of SEM models 1–4 show how the relationsh...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Principles
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425613_007
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2561-3
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2560-6
... normal irradiance (DNI), which represents the absolute integral value of the spectral irradiance distribution. Performance measurement standardization of CPV and module The measurement of power output and energy provided by the CPV cell, module, and system is outlined by several international standards...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Principles
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425613_006
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2561-3
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2560-6
...., 2018 ). Periodic maintenance is a crucial task, including visual, manual, and automatic inspection, to avoid power output losses ( Hernández-Callejo et al., 2019 ; and Gonzalo et al., 2020 ). In this context, various norms and international standards have been developed for PV plant...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425514_006
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2551-4
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2548-4
... for the Classes of 2017 and 2018 ( American Institute of Physics Statistical Research Center , College Park, MD , 2021 ). National Research Council , Next Generation Science Standards: For States, by States ( NRC , 2013a ). National Research Council , Next Generation Science Standards...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425712_013
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2571-2
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2568-2
... 10 100 3 33 52 RP_4 10 100 3 32 41 RP_5 10 98 3 35 42 RP_6 11 98 3 35 38 Table 13.2 Preschool (PV) and primary (RP) teachers’ achievements on exams. Exam Arithmetic mean in % Standard deviation in % Arithmetic mean in % Standard deviation...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2551-4
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2548-4
... https://archiv.ipn.uni-kiel.de/stcse/ . Duit , R.   et al. , Developing Standards in Research on Science Education , edited by H. E.   Fischer ( Taylor & Francis , London , 2005 ), pp. 1 – 9 . Duit , R.   et al. , Science Education Research and Practice in Europe...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2547-7
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2544-6
.... Phys.   70 ( 12 ), 1238 – 1248 ( 2002 ). 10.1119/1.1509420 Taylor , E. F. and Wheeler , J. A. , Spacetime Physics ( Macmillan , 1992 ). Thompson , P. W. and Saldanha , L. A. , A Research Companion to Principles and Standards for School Mathematics (National Council...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2571-2
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2568-2
....   Lynch and S.   Woolgarpp ( MIT Press , Cambridge, MA , 1988 ), pp. 231 – 265 . National Council of Teachers of Mathematics , Principles and Standards for School Mathematics ( Author , Reston, VA , 2000 ). National Research Council , National Science Education Standards...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425514_024
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2551-4
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2548-4
... p is the average score of the item. KR-20 gives a good approximation of the test reliability and can be used to calculate the standard error of measurement (SEM) as S E M = σ x 1 − R where σx is the standard deviation of test scores, and R is the test...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425514_015
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2551-4
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2548-4
... Council , National Science Education Standards ( The National Academies Press , 1996 ). National Research Council (NRC) , A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas ( The National Academies Press , 2012 ). Newton , D. P. , J. Res. Read...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425477_018
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2547-7
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2544-6
... for how to calculate standard deviation and then discuss when we would use it and why. Could we teach the decision-making skills before the procedure? There is also a question of the appropriate learning progressions within each type of skill. For example, what technical and practical skills should...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425477_019
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2547-7
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2544-6
... of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Board on Science Education and Committee on a Conceptual Framework for New K-12 Science Education Standards , A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas ( National Academies Press , 2012 ). Neves , R. G...