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(a) 2-DEG mobility as a function of <span class="search-highlight">scattering</span> mechanisms and (b) compariso...
Published: February 2023
FIG. 7.4 (a) 2-DEG mobility as a function of scattering mechanisms and (b) comparison between experimentally measured and calculated 2-DEG mobility for a similar heterostructure device. Here, n2D is 2-DEG density and d is spacer thickness. Reproduced with permission from Kumar et al., J. Appl. Phys. 128 , 105703 (2020). Copyright 2020 AIP Publishing LLC. More about this image found in (a) 2-DEG mobility as a function of scattering mechanisms and (b) compariso...
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(a) Comparison of experimental effective mobility values with <span class="search-highlight">scattering</span> th...
Published: February 2023
FIG. 11.8 (a) Comparison of experimental effective mobility values with scattering theory at 77 and 300 K. The dotted line shows the additional mobility required to explain the measured values at 300 K, (b) output characteristics of a β-(Al0.17Ga0.83)2O3/Ga2O3 thin spacer MODFET, and (c) transfer characteristics of the β-(Al0.17Ga0.83)2O3/Ga2O3 thin spacer MODFET measured at VD = 5 V. Reproduced with permission from Kalarickal et al., J. Appl. Phys. 127 , 215706 (2020). Copyright 2020 AIP Publishing LLC. More about this image found in (a) Comparison of experimental effective mobility values with scattering th...
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Solubility of CH<sub>4</sub> in seven pure ILs at a temperature of 273.15 K...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 3.6 Solubility of CH4 in seven pure ILs at a temperature of 273.15 K. Lines, results predicted by the Mod. UNIFAC-Lei model; scattered points, experimental data. (red up triangle) [EMIM][BF4]; (black square box) [BMIM][PF6]; (green down triangle) [BMIM][BF4]; (blue circle) [OMIM][PF6]; (magenta star) [BMIM][Tf2N]; (blue diamond) [OMIM][BF4]; (white square box) [OMIM][Tf2N]. Reprinted with permission from Yu et al., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 57 (20), 7064–7076 (2018b). Copyright 2018 American Chemical Society. More about this image found in Solubility of CH4 in seven pure ILs at a temperature of 273.15 K...
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Solubility of CH<sub>4</sub> in pure [BMIM][PF<sub>6</sub>] (a), [OMIM][PF...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 3.5 Solubility of CH4 in pure [BMIM][PF6] (a), [OMIM][PF6] (b), [EMIM][BF4] (c), [BMIM][BF4] (d), [OMIM][BF4] (e), [BMIM][Tf2N] (f), and [OMIM][Tf2N] (g) at different temperatures. Lines, results predicted by the Mod. UNIFAC-Lei model; scattered points, experimental data. (black square box) 353.15 K; (red circle) 333.15 K; (green up triangle) 313.15 K; (blue down triangle) 293.15 K; (rose square box) 273.15 K; (blue circle) 258.15 K; (purple triangle) 243.15 K. Reprinted with permission from Yu et al., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 57 (20), 7064–7076 (2018b). Copyright 2018 American Chemical Society. More about this image found in Solubility of CH4 in pure [BMIM][PF6] (a), [OMIM][PF...
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Solubility of CH<sub>4</sub> in pure [BMIM][PF<sub>6</sub>] (a), [OMIM][PF...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 3.5 Solubility of CH4 in pure [BMIM][PF6] (a), [OMIM][PF6] (b), [EMIM][BF4] (c), [BMIM][BF4] (d), [OMIM][BF4] (e), [BMIM][Tf2N] (f), and [OMIM][Tf2N] (g) at different temperatures. Lines, results predicted by the Mod. UNIFAC-Lei model; scattered points, experimental data. (black square box) 353.15 K; (red circle) 333.15 K; (green up triangle) 313.15 K; (blue down triangle) 293.15 K; (rose square box) 273.15 K; (blue circle) 258.15 K; (purple triangle) 243.15 K. Reprinted with permission from Yu et al., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 57 (20), 7064–7076 (2018b). Copyright 2018 American Chemical Society. More about this image found in Solubility of CH4 in pure [BMIM][PF6] (a), [OMIM][PF...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Principles
Published: December 2022
10.1063/9780735425668_005
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2566-8
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2564-4
... and selection rules for photon scattering—elastic (Rayleigh scattering) and inelastic (Raman scattering) (Events d–f in Fig. 5.1 ). Figure 5.1 is reproduced here for review. FIG. 5.1 The majority of spectroscopic transitions can be represented by (a) absorption ( I n → n ' a ), (b...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Principles
Published: March 2023
0
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2559-0
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2556-9
...References References Ashby , M. F. , Shercliff , H. , and Cebon , D. , Materials: Engineering, Science, Processing and Design ( Butterworth-Heinemann , 2018 ). Birkholz , M. , Thin Film Analysis by X-ray Scattering ( John Wiley & Sons , 2006...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425477_008
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2547-7
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2544-6
... in the quantum field, with respect to the classical ones. The investigations discussed in the previous section are based on the analysis of how students describe typical quantum systems and phenomena (an electron in an H atom; a scattering process). These investigations, although carried out from different...
Images
Overview of low field mobility. (a) The conventional unit cell of β-Ga<sub></sub>...
Published: February 2023
FIG. 7.1 Overview of low field mobility. (a) The conventional unit cell of β-Ga2O3 with the Cartesian direction convention followed in this chapter. Reproduced with permission from Ghosh and Singisetti, J. Appl. Phys. 122 , 035702 (2017a). Copyright 2017a AIP Publishing LLC. (b) The calculated scattering strength of different POP phonon modes for three different electron energies. Reproduced with permission from Ghosh and Singisetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109 , 072102 (2016). (c) Dependence of electron mobility with temperature and comparison with experimentally measured Hall mobility. Reproduced with permission from Ghosh and Singisetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109 , 072102 (2016). Copyright 2016 AIP Publishing LLC. (d) Dependence of electron mobility on electron concentration for two different directions. Triangles indicate phonon only scattering limited mobility, while circles represent the mobility including both phonon and impurity scatterings. Reproduced with permission from Ghosh and Singisetti, J. Mater. Res. 32 , 4142–4152 (2017b). Copyright 2016 Springer Nature. More about this image found in Overview of low field mobility. (a) The conventional unit cell of β-Ga...
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Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425514_025
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2551-4
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2548-4
...) in their study of student difficulties with bound- and scattering-state problems in quantum mechanics. They collected both students' solutions on written exams to identify common student difficulties, and interview data “to gain deeper insight into the nature of these [common] difficulties.” In one task...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Methods
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425743_003
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2574-3
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2572-9
...][PF6] (a), [OMIM][PF6] (b), [EMIM][BF4] (c), [BMIM][BF4] (d), [OMIM][BF4] (e), [BMIM][Tf2N] (f), and [OMIM][Tf2N] (g) at different temperatures. Lines, results predicted by the Mod. UNIFAC-Lei model; scattered points, experimental data...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Principles
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425613_002
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2561-3
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2560-6
... to optimize the size of a PV system that was intended for remote and scattered housing in the Ghardaia site in Algeria. For the grid-connected PV systems, more decision variables have to be considered in the optimal design. In 2009, Mondol et al. (2009) investigated the combined effects of load...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425712_019
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2571-2
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2568-2
... Tier Geometric Optics Test (FTGOT) Reflection, refraction, Plane mirrors, Spherical mirrors, lenses Introductory College 4-tier MCT R28 Light Phenomena Conceptual Assessment (LPCA) Reflection, refraction, Snell's law, Wavelength and frequency, EM spectrum, light scattering High school...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Principles
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735424395_007
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2439-5
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2436-4
... that is larger in the rib region compared to the sides. Rib waveguides have a low optical loss due to the surface scattering since the mode field interacts only weakly with the etched surface. A channel waveguide is formed by filling a channel with a higher index material and then covering...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425514_010
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2551-4
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2548-4
... or theoretical entities. For example, the photoelectric effect or Compton-scattering are frequently quoted as unambiguous confirmations of the light-quantum hypothesis. These specific examples ignore relevant auxiliary hypotheses. Both effects can be accounted for in the semi-classical theory, i.e., by treating...
Images
The <span class="search-highlight">scattering</span> spectra for particles in a 1D box at ten different concentra...
Published: December 2022
FIG. 6.3 The scattering spectra for particles in a 1D box at ten different concentrations from 1011 to 1012 scatterers. The top spectra are the scattering intensities, and the bottom spectra are the amounts of light transmitted to the eye when looking directly at the source. More about this image found in The scattering spectra for particles in a 1D box at ten different concentra...
Images
A visual representation of the selection rules for 1DPB elastic <span class="search-highlight">scattering</span> ...
Published: December 2022
FIG. 8.4 A visual representation of the selection rules for 1DPB elastic scattering (Rayleigh, black, Δ n = 0 ) and inelastic scattering including both Stokes ( Δ n > 0 ) and anti-Stokes ( Δ n < 0 ) Raman. The incident photons are represented by the black up-arrow... More about this image found in A visual representation of the selection rules for 1DPB elastic scattering ...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Principles
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425590_005
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2559-0
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2556-9
... of the electrons that pass through the sample without being scattered are detected by the bright-field detector, whereas the electrons that are scattered by the relatively high angle are detected by the annular detector of donut-like shape to form ADF and/or bright-field (BF) images [Fig. 5.1(b) ]. There are two...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Principles
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425590_003
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2559-0
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2556-9
..., these coefficients change the sign by the reflection in a symmetry plane and hence become zero. E1 is a constant having dimension of energy and is linked to a constant (C), which carries the information about scattering ( James, 1949 ). Figure 3.6 represents (schematic) contraction...