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force field

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Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Methods
Published: January 2023
10.1063/9780735425279_003
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2527-9
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2524-8
...Barrera, E. E. and Pantano, S., “Simulating transmembrane proteins with the coarse-grained SIRAH force field: Tips and tricks for setting up and running in AMBER,” in A Practical Guide to Recent Advances in Multiscale Modeling and Simulation of Biomolecules, edited by Y. Wang and R. Zhou...
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(a) Optomechanical effect with gradient <span class="search-highlight">force</span> due to evanescent <span class="search-highlight">field</span> coupl...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 7.20 (a) Optomechanical effect with gradient force due to evanescent field coupled to mechanical vibration, studied in a piezoelectric AlN optical waveguide ( Dong et al., 2013b ; and Xiong et al., 2013 ). More about this image found in (a) Optomechanical effect with gradient force due to evanescent field coupl...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Methods
Published: January 2023
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2527-9
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2524-8
...Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank all researchers that contributed to the development of the new Martini 3 force field. Additionally, we would like to acknowledge all users of the molecular modeling community that tested the open-beta version of Martini 3 and sent us feedback...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425477_005
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2547-7
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2544-6
.../PhysRevPhysEducRes.14.020117 Introduction Electric Charge, Electric Interactions, Conductors, and Insulators Electric and Magnetic Force and Field Magnetic Interactions The Superposition Principle Potential, Potential Energy, and Capacitance Representations of Concepts in Electricity, Magnetism...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Methods
Published: January 2023
0
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2527-9
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2524-8
.../nature24469 Alessandri , R. , Barnoud , J. , Gertsen , A. S.   , “ Martini 3 coarse-grained force field: Small molecules ,” Adv. Theory Simulations   5 , 2100391 ( 2022 ). 10.1002/adts.202100391 Alessandri , R. , Grünewald , F. , and Marrink , S. J. , “ The martini...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Methods
Published: January 2023
0
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2527-9
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2524-8
... – 25 ( 2015 ). 10.1016/j.softx.2015.06.001 Alessandri , R. , Barnoud , J. , Gertsen , A. S. , Patmanidis , I. , de Vries , A. H. , Souza , P. C. T. , and Marrink , S. J. , “ Martini 3 coarse-grained force field: Small molecules ,” Adv. Theor. Simul.   5 ( 1...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Methods
Published: January 2023
10.1063/9780735425279_004
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2527-9
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2524-8
.... Introduction The Martini force-field is one of the most popular force-fields for simulating biologically relevant systems at close to atomic resolution. Originally, the Martini force-field has been applied to simulations of lipid bilayers ( Marrink et al., 2004 ) with a second version expanding...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Methods
Published: January 2023
0
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2527-9
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2524-8
...References References Barrera , E. E. , Frigini , E. N. , Porasso , R. D. , and Pantano , S. , “ Modeling DMPC lipid membranes with SIRAH force-field ,” J. Mol. Model.   23 , 259 ( 2017 ). 10.1007/s00894-017-3426-5 Barrera , E. E. , Machado , M. R...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425477_002
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2547-7
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2544-6
... interaction forces. At the same time, they are commonly described in terms of surface tension at a macroscopical level. Surface phenomena may be fascinating topics to introduce to high school, and undergraduate students, and their understanding involves many fields of physics, such as thermodynamics...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425477_021
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2547-7
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2544-6
... (or constructively) interfere with each other. For example, when introducing the influence of magnetic fields before learning about electric fields, many students start to misapply the rule that forces are perpendicular to the field (acquired in the context of magnetic fields) to problems involving electric fields...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425514_012
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2551-4
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2548-4
... “to say force is the cause of acceleration is to do metaphysics” ( Coelho, 2010 , p. 102). Other central concepts have not fared better: “mass” or “field” is usually related to equations where calculations can proceed, measurements made or to general laws: mass is usually defined in terms...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Methods
Published: January 2023
10.1063/9780735425279_001
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2527-9
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2524-8
... of Biomolecules, edited by Y. Wang and R. Zhou (AIP Publishing, Melville, New York, 2023), pp. 1-1–1-34. Introduction The Martini force field is one of the most popular coarse-grained (CG) models used in molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, with many applications in diverse fields, from structural biology...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Methods
Published: January 2023
10.1063/9780735425279_005
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2527-9
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2524-8
... the electrostatics in both conformational and titration dynamics ( Huang et al., 2016b ). Theoretically, the PME-based explicit solvent CpHMD is applicable to any system that a force field can describe. However, it has been revealed that the neutral state is overstabilized, which might result from...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425477_004
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2547-7
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2544-6
...) /( Lindsey et al. (2009 , 2012) Energy and force/power/temperature/work are equivalent Watts (1983b) /( Gilbert et al. (1982) /( Lewis and Linn (1994) / Duit (1984) Thermal energy and temperature are equivalent Kesidou and Duit (1993) , Sources and forms of energy...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Principles
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425590_001
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2559-0
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2556-9
... in equilibrium atomic/ionic positions and the resulting response to the force field that causes the change. FIG. 1.5 (Left) shows the variation of repulsive and attractive potential as a function of interatomic spacing and (right) the effective potential resulting from both the attractive and repulsive...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425712_019
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2571-2
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2568-2
..., Introductory College MCT, Short answer R15 Diagnosing and Interpreting Resistor Circuits (DIRECT) DC electric circuits High school, Introductory College MCT R16 Conceptual Survey in Electricity and Magnetism (CSEM) Electrostatics, magnetic forces and fields, Faraday's law Introductory College...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425514_025
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2551-4
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2548-4
.... Rev. Spec. Top. Phys. Educ. Res.   11 ( 2 ), 020120 ( 2015 ). 10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.11.020120 Jacobs , J. K.   et al. , Field Methods   19 ( 3 ), 284 – 299 ( 2007 ). 10.1177/1525822X07302106 Jordan , B. and Henderson , A. , J. Learn. Sci.   4 ( 1 ), 39 – 103 ( 1995...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425514_026
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2551-4
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2548-4
... such as knowing how to approach problems, make hypotheses, compile data, and make arguments based on empirical evidence. Epistemological key components of the Newton's laws Physics knowledge to be taught in the TLS The concept of force:K1. Force measures the interaction between bodies...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425712_006
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2571-2
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2568-2
... Electromagnetism: Magnetism Estimation of the Earth's magnetic field m Magnetometer sensor Metal detector ( Metal Detector app ), EMF sensor free ( Electromagnetic Detector EMF ) González et al., 2014 Calculation of the magnetic force Imagnetic, Δχ Arduino...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425477_introduction
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2547-7
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2544-6
...The International Handbook of Physics Education Research: Learning Physics covers the subject matter and cognitive aspects of physics learning. As the field of physics education research grows, it is increasingly difficult for newcomers to gain an appreciation of the major findings across...