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Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Methods
Published: November 2022
10.1063/9780735422575_001
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2257-5
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2254-4
...Any attempted theoretical description of atom–laser dynamics is built on a number of assumptions that are guided either by the need to obtain a computationally tractable problem or by the pertaining experimental conditions. The atom or molecule is considered as being isolated and distorted only...
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Book Chapter
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Displacement of <span class="search-highlight">atoms</span> from equilibrium position in a solid rod fixed at one...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 1.7 Displacement of atoms from equilibrium position in a solid rod fixed at one end and subjected to tensile strain (within elastic limit) at the other end. At the fixed end, there is no displacement of atoms from the equilibrium position. More about this image found in Displacement of atoms from equilibrium position in a solid rod fixed at one...
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(a) ADF-STEM image of an undoped ZnO [0001] Σ49 GB, (b) stable <span class="search-highlight">atomic</span> arran...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 5.6 (a) ADF-STEM image of an undoped ZnO [0001] Σ49 GB, (b) stable atomic arrangement obtained by simulation, and (c) schematic illustration highlighting the arrangement of SUs. Inter-atomic distance map for the SU arrangement of (d) β-α-bulk, (e) α-β-bulk, (f) β-β-bulk, and (g) α-α-bulk ( Sato et al., 2007 ). More about this image found in (a) ADF-STEM image of an undoped ZnO [0001] Σ49 GB, (b) stable atomic arran...
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ADF-STEM image of Pr-doped ZnO [0001] Σ49 GB and (b) inter-<span class="search-highlight">atomic</span> distance ...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 5.7 ADF-STEM image of Pr-doped ZnO [0001] Σ49 GB and (b) inter-atomic distance map obtained from a stable atomic arrangement for the undoped GB by first-principles calculation ( Sato et al., 2009 ). The yellow open circle in (b) indicates the location of Pr segregation, as observed in (a). More about this image found in ADF-STEM image of Pr-doped ZnO [0001] Σ49 GB and (b) inter-atomic distance ...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2547-7
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2544-6
... agree!” to 5 ∼ “strongly disagree.” Title (N-type of items) Phenomenological contexts Concept framework Main conceptual knots focused Niedderer ( Niedderer and Deylitz, 1998 ) level: High School H atom in stationary state and in absorption/emission processes Higher order atoms...
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(a) Current–voltage characteristics of the Pr-doped ZnO bicrystal with a [0...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 5.8 (a) Current–voltage characteristics of the Pr-doped ZnO bicrystal with a [0001] Σ7 GB and (b) ADF-STEM image of the GB. (c) Stable atomic arrangement and (d) defect formation energy of the GB obtained from first-principles calculation ( Sato et al., 2006 ). More about this image found in (a) Current–voltage characteristics of the Pr-doped ZnO bicrystal with a [0...
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Model showing <span class="search-highlight">atomic</span> arrangement near a twin boundary in β-Ga<sub>2</sub>O...
Published: February 2023
FIG. 2.9 Model showing atomic arrangement near a twin boundary in β-Ga2O3. The boundary consists of the (100) plane, common to the crystals on both sides ( Kuramata et al., 2020 ). More about this image found in Model showing atomic arrangement near a twin boundary in β-Ga2O...
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<span class="search-highlight">Atomic</span> geometries of oxygen interstitials for (a) the split interstitial O...
Published: February 2023
FIG. 5.3 Atomic geometries of oxygen interstitials for (a) the split interstitial Osi in the neutral charge state and (b) the oxygen interstitial Oi in the −2 charge state ( Ingebrigtsen et al., 2019 ). Adapted with permission from Ingebrigtsen et al., APL Mater. 7 (2), 022510 (2019). Copyright 2019 AIP Publishing LLC. More about this image found in Atomic geometries of oxygen interstitials for (a) the split interstitial O...
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Simulated <span class="search-highlight">atomic</span> column intensities, both at the interstitial and cation co...
Published: February 2023
FIG. 5.12 Simulated atomic column intensities, both at the interstitial and cation columns, in HAADF images assuming the cations being (a) Ga atoms and (b) Sn atoms. Reproduced with permission from Johnson et al., Phys. Rev. X 9 , 041027 (2019). Copyright 2019 APS Publishing. More about this image found in Simulated atomic column intensities, both at the interstitial and cation co...
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(a) <span class="search-highlight">Atomic</span> structures and (b) configuration coordinate diagrams for self-tr...
Published: February 2023
FIG. 6.15 (a) Atomic structures and (b) configuration coordinate diagrams for self-trapped hole (STH) states on different O sites in Ga2O3. (c) Calculated photoluminescence spectra. Adapted with permission from Frodason et al., J. Appl. Phys. 127 (7), 075701 (2020). Copyright 2020 AIP Publishing LLC. More about this image found in (a) Atomic structures and (b) configuration coordinate diagrams for self-tr...
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Schematic <span class="search-highlight">atomic</span> configurations of (a) type I and (b) type II β-Ga<sub>2</sub>...
Published: February 2023
FIG. 9.2 Schematic atomic configurations of (a) type I and (b) type II β-Ga2O3 (010) surfaces. Brown and red spheres represent Ga and O atoms, respectively. Schematic atomic configurations of (c) Ga-terminated (−201) surfaces (type I), (d) Ga-terminated (−201) surfaces (type II), (e) O-terminated (−201) surfaces (type I), and (f) O-terminated (−201) surfaces (type II). Reprinted with permission from Jang et al., J. Alloys Compd. 731 , 118–125 (2018). Copyright 2018 Elsevier. More about this image found in Schematic atomic configurations of (a) type I and (b) type II β-Ga2...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425477_008
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2547-7
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2544-6
....” Title (N-type of items) Phenomenological contexts Concept framework Main conceptual knots focused Niedderer ( Niedderer and Deylitz, 1998 ) level: High School H atom in stationary state and in absorption/emission processes Higher order atoms Atom ψ−function...
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(a) Multi-frame averaged STEM image of silicon measured with [110] zone axi...
Published: March 2023
FIG. 5.14 (a) Multi-frame averaged STEM image of silicon measured with [110] zone axis and histogram of inter-atomic distance along the (b) x and (c) y direction ( Yankovich et al., 2014 ). The scale bar in (a) is 400 pm. The error bars in (b) and (c) are the square root of the frequency, the curves are the best-fit normal distributions, and σ represents the standard deviations. Reproduced with permission from Yankovich et al., Nat. Commun. 5 , 4155 (2014). Copyright 2014 Springer Nature. More about this image found in (a) Multi-frame averaged STEM image of silicon measured with [110] zone axi...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Principles
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425590_005
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2559-0
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2556-9
..., which is a strain-induced electrical polarization. The domain structure and domain wall can also play a significant role. Atomic-Scale Electron Microscopy The atomic-scale strain distribution can be clarified via electron microscopy. As for atomic-scale electron microscopy, there are two major methods...
Book Chapter
Series: AIPP Books, Professional
Published: March 2023
10.1063/9780735425712_017
EISBN: 978-0-7354-2571-2
ISBN: 978-0-7354-2568-2
... weeks of instruction in electricity, their data showed that concept maps provided a useful means for measuring meaningful learning. Van Zele et al. (2004) used concept maps to research 170 introductory university-level engineering students’ ideas and knowledge structure related to the atom...