Silicon nanowires were characterized by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy with an Al Kα (1486.6 eV) excitation source. The sample was fixed to a stainless-steel sample holder with a copper double-sided adhesive tape. Survey spectrum and C 1s, O 1s, and Si 2p core-level spectra were acquired.

1.
Z.
Chen
and
Z.
Xie
,
J. Mol. Model.
25
,
226
(
2019
).
2.
Y.
Zhou
,
X.
Jiang
,
L.
Chen
,
J.
Yue
,
H.
Xu
,
J.
Yang
, and
Y.
Qian
,
Electrochim. Acta
127
,
252
(
2014
).
3.
C.
Gan
,
C.
Zhang
,
P.
Liu
,
Y.
Liu
,
W.
Wen
,
B.
Liu
,
Q.
Xie
,
L.
Huang
, and
X.
Luo
,
Electrochim. Acta
307
,
107
(
2019
).
4.
M. F.
Hainey
and
J. M.
Redwing
,
Appl. Phys. Rev.
3
,
040806
(
2016
).
5.
C.
Huo
,
J.
Wang
,
H.
Fu
,
X.
Li
,
Y.
Yang
,
H.
Wang
,
A.
Mateen
,
G.
Farid
, and
K.-Q.
Peng
,
Adv. Funct. Mater.
30
,
2005744
(
2020
).
6.
L.
Yang
et al,
Nat. Commun.
12
,
3926
(
2021
).
7.
C.
Yang
and
K. S. R.
Chandran
,
RSC Adv.
13
,
3947
(
2023
).
8.
Q.
Zhou
,
M.
Bao
, and
X.
Ni
,
Surf. Coat. Technol.
406
,
126660
(
2021
).
9.
H.
Li
,
D.
Li
,
H.
Chen
,
X.
Yue
,
K.
Fan
,
L.
Dong
, and
G.
Wang
,
Sensors
23
,
6808
(
2023
).
10.
S.
Gupta
,
A.
Jain
,
D.
Mishra
, and
K.
Singh
,
Mater. Today Proc.
(published online
2023
).
11.
M.-T.
Hoang
,
N.
Deshmukh
,
A. T.
Mohabir
,
L. C.
Feldman
,
M. A.
Filler
, and
J. W.
Shan
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
123
,
143501
(
2023
).
12.
N. K.
Vishwakarma
and
S. K.
Mahto
,
Bull. Mater. Sci.
46
,
174
(
2023
).
13.
G.
Farid
,
Y.
Yang
,
A.
Mateen
,
C.
Huo
,
H.
Wang
, and
K.-Q.
Peng
,
ACS Appl. Nano Mater.
5
,
2779
(
2022
).
14.
A.
Mateen
,
G.
Farid
, and
K.-Q.
Peng
,
ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol.
11
,
054006
(
2022
).

Supplementary Material

You do not currently have access to this content.