A bismuth foil was analyzed using high-resolution high energy x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES). The HAXPES spectra of bismuth obtained using monochromatic Cr Kα radiation at 5414.8 eV include survey scan and high-resolution spectra of Bi 2p3/2, Bi 3d5/2, Bi 4s, Bi 4p3/2, Bi 4d5/2, and Bi 4f.

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