Bulk gold was analyzed using high-resolution high energy x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES). The HAXPES spectra of gold obtained using monochromatic Cr Kα radiation at 5414.8 eV include survey scan and high-resolution spectra of Au 5p, Au 5s, Au 4f, Au 4d, Au 4p3/2, Au 4s, Au 3d5/2, and Au 3p3/2.

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