Pb based group-IV alloys such as GePb have been gaining interest as a potential alternative for infrared detectors, quantum materials, and high-speed electronic devices. Challenges remain in their growth due to the extremely low solid solubility of Pb in the Ge–Pb system. This paper reports molecular beam epitaxy growth of GePb alloy thin films on Ge(100) substrates. Effusion cells of Ge and Pb are used to control the flux ratio independently. The optimal substrate temperature is found to be near the thermocouple temperature of 300 °C based on the characterization of the grown films using high-resolution x-ray diffraction. A large change in the Ge:Pb beam equivalent pressure ratio from 10:1 to 1:1 results in only a minimal increase of the Pb composition from 0.74% to 2.84% as estimated from Raman spectroscopy and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. Scanning electron microscopy images show a large volume of Pb islands on the surface that form into either long trapezoidal rods or uniform droplets, with increasing Pb flux and growth time the density of Pb islands increased.

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