The authors demonstrated a new method for inducing enormous shrinkage in single-walled carbon nanotube bundles by applying low energy electron beam irradiation along with supersonic vibration, and a maximum shrinkage rate of −100% cm2/C was obtained under electron acceleration of 1 keV. The characteristic feature of the shrunken single-walled carbon nanotubes was a wavy deformation that affected the entire bundle. The authors believe that a uniaxial stress induced by the supersonic vibration broke the equilibrium of the internal stress and allowed the uniform accumulation of defects under low energy electron beam excitation. The wavy deformation of the single-walled carbon nanotubes resulted in the enormous shrinkage of the bundle.

1.
C.
Niu
,
E. K.
Sichel
,
R.
Hoch
,
D.
Moy
, and
H.
Tennent
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
70
,
1480
(
1997
).
2.
R. Z.
Ma
,
J.
Liang
,
B. Q.
Wei
,
B.
Zhang
,
C. L.
Xu
, and
D. H.
Wu
,
J. Power Sources
84
,
126
(
1999
).
3.
K. H.
An
,
W. S.
Kim
,
Y. S.
Park
,
J. M.
Moon
,
D. J.
Bae
,
S. C.
Lim
,
Y. S.
Lee
, and
Y. H.
Lee
,
Adv. Funct. Mater.
11
,
387
(
2001
).
4.
T.
Hiraoka
 et al,
Adv. Funct. Mater.
20
,
422
(
2010
).
5.
A.
Peigney
,
C.
Laurent
,
E.
Flahaut
,
R. R.
Bacsa
, and
A.
Rousset
,
Carbon
39
,
507
(
2001
).
6.
Q.
Xiao
and
X.
Zhou
,
Electrochim. Acta.
48
,
575
(
2003
).
7.
H.
Zhang
,
G.
Cao
,
Z.
Wang
,
Y.
Yang
,
Z.
Shi
, and
Z.
Gu
,
Nano Lett.
8
,
2664
(
2008
).
8.
A. I.
Najafabadi
,
S.
Yasuda
,
K.
Kobashi
,
T.
Yamada
,
D. N.
Futaba
,
H.
Hatori
,
M.
Yumura
,
S.
Iijima
, and
K.
Hata
,
Adv. Mater.
22
,
E235
(
2010
).
9.
D. N.
Futaba
 et al,
Nat. Mater.
5
,
987
(
2006
).
10.
R.
Ueki
,
T.
Hikata
,
S.
Ookubo
,
R.
Utsunomiya
,
T.
Matsuba
, and
J.
Fujita
,
Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.
50
,
06GE10
(
2011
).
11.
B. W.
Smith
and
D. E.
Luzzia
,
J. Appl. Phys.
90
,
3509
(
2001
).
12.
A.
Zobelli
,
A.
Gloter
,
C. P.
Ewels
,
G.
Seifert
, and
C.
Colliex
,
Phys. Rev. B
75
,
245402
(
2007
).
13.
J.
Ma
,
D.
Alf
è,
A.
Michaelides
, and
E.
Wang
,
Phys. Rev. B
80
,
033407
(
2009
).
14.
L. G.
Zhou
and
S.
Shi
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
83
,
1222
(
2003
).
15.
J.
Kotakoski
,
J. C.
Meyer
,
S.
Kurasch
,
D.
Santos-Cottin
,
U.
Kaiser
, and
A. V.
Krasheninnikov
,
Phys. Rev. B
83
,
245420
(
2011
).
16.
M. T.
Lusk
and
L. D.
Carr
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
100
,
175503
(
2008
).
17.
T.
F’tiller
and
F.
Banhart
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
254
,
372
(
1996
).
18.
P. M.
Ajayan
,
V.
Ravikumar
, and
J. C.
Charlier
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
81
,
1437
(
1998
).
19.
F.
Banhart
,
J. Mater. Sci.
41
,
4505
(
2006
).
20.
M.
Terrones
,
F.
Banhart
,
N.
Grobert
,
J.-C.
Charlier
,
H.
Terrones
, and
P. M.
Ajayan
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
89
,
075505
(
2002
).
22.
T. D.
Yuzvinsky
,
A. M.
Fennimore
,
W.
Mickelson
,
C.
Esquivias
, and
A.
Zettl
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
86
,
053109
(
2005
).
23.
G. Y.
Gerasimov
,
J. Eng. Phys. Thermophys.
83
,
849
(
2010
).
24.
F.
Banhart
,
Nano Lett.
1
,
329
(
2001
).
25.
C. K.
Harnett
,
K. M.
Satyalakshmi
, and
H. G.
Craighead
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
76
,
2466
(
2000
).
26.
S.
Suzuki
and
Y.
Kobayashi
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
430
,
370
(
2006
).
27.
S.
Suzuki
,
K.
Kanzaki
,
Y.
Homma
, and
S.
Fukuba
,
Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.
43
,
L1118
(
2004
).
28.
S.
Gupta
,
R. J.
Patela
,
N.
Smith
,
R. E.
Giedd
, and
D.
Hui
,
Diamond Relat. Mater.
16
,
236
(
2007
).
29.
J. P.
Salvetat
,
G.
Andrew
,
D.
Briggs
,
J. M.
Bonard
,
R. R.
Bacsa
, and
A. J.
Kulik
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
82
,
944
(
1999
).
30.
31.
Q.
Lu
,
G.
Keskar
,
R.
Ciocan
,
R.
Rao
,
R. B.
Mathur
,
A. M.
Rao
, and
L. L.
Larcom
,
J. Phys. Chem. B
110
,
24371
(
2006
).
You do not currently have access to this content.