Self-assembled multilayers, composed of alternating layers of α,ω-mercaptoalkanoic acids and Cu2+ ions (“molecular rulers”), are used as organic sidewall spacers and etch resists for the fabrication of registered microstructures with precisely tailored nanometer-scale spacings. The method outlined here eases the stringency of the lithographic processing for patterning second-generation features. Additionally, a new method to lift off the self-assembled multilayered films for the generation of the tailored nanogaps is demonstrated. The advantages of these techniques are discussed.

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