We report the comparison of a series of 2D molecular crystals formed from the intermediates of the dehalogenation reaction of iodoethane versus various fluorinated iodoalkanes on Cu(111). High-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy enables us to distinguish the alkyl groups from the iodine atoms, and we find that the ethyl groups and iodine atoms formed from the dissociation of ethyl iodide are well mixed. However, fluorination of the alkyl tail changes this behavior and leads to local segregation of the two species on the surface. We postulate that the low-polarizability and relatively large dipole moment of the fluorinated species drive the ordered assemblies of the fluorinated alkyl species on the surface and discuss this in the context of how solvophobicity can drive the clustering of fluorinated groups and, hence, phase separation.

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