The authors report on the formation of blisters during the atomic layer deposition of iridium using iridium acetylacetonate and oxygen precursors. Films deposited on fused silica substrates led to sparsely distributed large blisters while in the case of silicon with native oxide additional small blisters with a high density was observed. It is found that the formation of blisters is favored by a higher deposition temperature and a larger layer thickness. Postdeposition annealing did not have a significant effect on the formation of blisters. Finally, changing purge duration during the film growth allowed us to avoid blistering and evidenced that impurities released from the film in gas phase were responsible for the formation of blisters.
Blistering during the atomic layer deposition of iridium
Pascal Genevée, Ernest Ahiavi, Norik Janunts, Thomas Pertsch, Maria Oliva, Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Adriana Szeghalmi; Blistering during the atomic layer deposition of iridium. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 1 January 2016; 34 (1): 01A113. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.4934753
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