Laser induced fluorescence has been used to measure the temperature, radial drift velocity, and relative number density of metastable chlorine ions, in inductively coupled discharges containing mixtures of and Ar. In the center of the plasma, the temperature varied between 2000 and 3000 K for most conditions investigated. The addition of to a plasma significantly decreased the density of metastable chlorine ions without changing their temperature. Addition of nitrogen to a plasma resulted in a factor of 3 increase in the density. Spatially resolved measurements of the density are compared with Langmuir probe measurements of the spatially resolved electron density and ion saturation current. In general, the normalized density was a factor of 2–3 lower than the electron density at the edge of the plasma. Spatially resolved measurements of the ion temperature indicated that the ion temperature increased to between 4500 and 5500 K at the edge of the discharge and increased approximately 600–1400 K moving from the rf source towards the lower electrode. Ion drift velocity in the radial direction was between and at the edge of the plasma. Measurements within one millimeter of the biased lower electrode surface showed the ion energy parallel to the biased electrode was independent of rf bias voltage while the density decreased with increased bias voltage. Implications of these measurements on the plasma chemistry and the energy transport in the plasma are discussed.
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Research Article| September 01 1997
Metastable chlorine ion kinetics in inductively coupled plasmas
G. A. Hebner;
C. B. Fleddermann;
G. A. Hebner, C. B. Fleddermann, P. A. Miller; Metastable chlorine ion kinetics in inductively coupled plasmas. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 1 September 1997; 15 (5): 2698–2708. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.580944
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