The performance of the vacuum system of the Large Hadron Collider will depend critically on the synchrotron radiation induced gas desorption and on the readsorption of molecules on the cold surfaces. The present design of the system is based on a so‐called beam screen inserted in the 1.9 K cold bore of the magnets. Gas molecules desorbed will therefore readsorb on the beam screen which is held at a temperature between 5 and 20 K. Pumping slots in the beam screen enable some of the desorbed gas to be pumped onto the 1.9 K surface of the cold bore.
Synchrotron radiation induced gas desorption from a Prototype Large Hadron Collider beam screen at cryogenic temperatures
R. Calder, O. Gröbner, A. G. Mathewson, V. V. Anashin, A. Dranichnikov, O. B. Malyshev; Synchrotron radiation induced gas desorption from a Prototype Large Hadron Collider beam screen at cryogenic temperatures. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 1 July 1996; 14 (4): 2618–2623. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.579989
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