The present invention describes a novel flexible nanosensor for the electrochemical detection of uric acid (UA) present in urine. The synthesized graphite-boron nanocomposite with an average thickness of ∼32 nm was grown up on a flexible polyvinylidene fluoride film with an average thickness of ∼50 μm and it acts as a nonenzymatic sensor for UA. The developed flexible sensor showed a prominent reduction peak in cyclic voltammetry and amperometric response with the presence of different concentrations of aqueous UA solution. In the electrochemical study, the redox peak was generated near ∼−0.42 V with a detection limit of around ∼2.09 μM as the bottom level. The high robustness of the developed sensor originated from the polymeric film base and the rapid response time of ∼0.5 s for detecting UA present in human urine. The interference property of the sensor was confirmed in the presence of bilirubin and creatinine as an eventual reference toward selectivity. The phase and morphology of the sensor surface were extensively observed before and after sensing to comprehend the electrochemical interaction between the sensor and target molecules. The generated quantitative results of the integrated system were verified by testing known and unknown concentrations of UA solutions.

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