Bioinspired structure adhesives have received increasing interest for many applications, such as climbing robots and medical devices. Inspired by the closely packed keratin nanopillars on the toe pads of tree frogs, tightly arranged polycaprolactone nanorod arrays are prepared by mold process and chemical modification. Nanorod arrays show enhanced adhesion and friction on both smooth and rough surfaces compared to the arrays with hexagonal micropillars. The bonding of nanorods results in a larger stiffness of the nanorod surface, contributing mainly to friction rather than adhesion. The results suggest the function of closely packed keratin nanopillars on the toe pad of tree frogs and offer a guiding principle for the designing of new structured adhesives with strong attaching abilities.

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