The ability to prevent or minimize the accumulation of unwanted biological materials on implantable medical devices is important in maintaining the long-term function of implants. To address this issue, there has been a focus on materials, both biological and synthetic, that have the potential to prevent device fouling. In this review, we introduce a glycoprotein called lubricin and report on its emergence as an effective antifouling coating material. We outline the versatility of lubricin coatings on different surfaces, describe the physical properties of its monolayer structures, and highlight its antifouling properties in improving implant compatibility as well as its use in treatment of ocular diseases and arthritis. This review further describes synthetic polymers mimicking the lubricin structure and function. We also discuss the potential future use of lubricin and its synthetic mimetics as antiadhesive biomaterials for therapeutic applications.
Lubricin as a tool for controlling adhesion in vivo and ex vivo
Note: This paper is part of the Biointerphases Special Topic Collection on Biomimetics of Biointerfaces.
Clayton S. Manasa, Saimon M. Silva, Pauline E. Desroches, Jessair Dennaoui, Mathew J. Russo, Mingyu Han, Anita F. Quigley, George W. Greene, Robert M. I. Kapsa, Simon E. Moulton; Lubricin as a tool for controlling adhesion in vivo and ex vivo. Biointerphases 1 March 2021; 16 (2): 020802. https://doi.org/10.1116/6.0000779
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