Plain and microstructured cp-titanium samples were studied as possible biofilm reactor substrates. The biofilms were grown by exposition of the titanium samples to bacteria in a flow cell. As bacteria the rod shaped gram negative Pseudomonas fluorescens and the spherical gram negative Paracoccus seriniphilus were chosen. Afterward, the samples were cleaned in subsequent steps: First, with a standard solvent based cleaning procedure with acetone, isopropanol, and ultrapure water and second by oxygen plasma sputtering. It will be demonstrated by means of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, fluorescence microscopy, and confocal laser scanning microscopy that oxygen plasma cleaning is a necessary and reliant tool to fully clean and restore titanium surfaces contaminated with a biofilm. The microstructured surfaces act beneficial to biofilm growth, while still being fully restorable after biofilm contamination. Scanning electron microscopy images additionally show, that the plasma process does not affect the microstructures. The presented data show the importance of the cleaning procedure. Just using solvents does not remove the biofilm and all its components reliably while a cleaning process by oxygen plasma regenerates the surfaces.
Cleaning of titanium substrates after application in a bioreactor
Mathias Fingerle, Oliver Köhler, Christina Rösch, Fabian Kratz, Christian Scheibe, Neda Davoudi, Christine Müller-Renno, Christiane Ziegler, Manuel Huster, Christin Schlegel, Roland Ulber, Martin Bohley, Jan C. Aurich; Cleaning of titanium substrates after application in a bioreactor. Biointerphases 1 March 2015; 10 (1): 019007. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.4907754
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