Using the spin properties of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in levitated diamonds, we characterize the absorption of single nanodiamonds. We first calibrate the thermometry response of the NV centers embedded in our nanodiamonds. Then, using this calibration, we estimate the absorption cross-section of single levitated nanodiamonds. We show that this absorption is extrinsic and dominated by volumic effects. Our work opens the way to diamond material optimization for levitation quantum experiments. It also demonstrates optical levitation as a unique platform to characterize material thermal properties at the nanoparticle level.

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See the supplementary material at https://www.scitation.org/doi/suppl/10.1116/5.0093600 for details on the temperature measurement with NV centers and its sensitivity, hydrodynamic radius, and extra data analysis.

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