Numerous studies have acknowledged the significant impact of soundscape quality on public space satisfaction. However, it is crucial to recognize that sound environment requirements vary across different types of public spaces. Limited research has focused on the differential effects of soundscape on satisfaction in various types of public spaces within residential areas. Moreover, existing studies may lack investigation into how the type of public space moderates the influence of the audio-visual environment on soundscape quality. The present research aims to investigate the relationship among space type, audio-visual environment, and soundscape to improve satisfaction in public spaces. A comprehensive on-site questionnaire survey was conducted in public spaces located within residential areas, involving the participation of 50 subjects. Results revealed that audio-visual indicators affect soundscape perception differently in passive and active spaces. In particular, traffic noise may negatively affect pleasantness in active spaces less than passive spaces. Also, interesting visual elements may enhance eventfulness in passive zones while they may not affect eventfulness in active zones. The findings from the Analytic Hierarchy Process demonstrated that pleasantness plays a paramount role in people’s satisfaction in both passive and active spaces, while eventfulness assumes greater significance in active spaces as opposed to passive spaces.

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