In this work, we demonstrate a novel non-linear beamforming technique, called null-subtraction imaging (NSI), to improve spatial resolution and image contrast of ultrafast, power Doppler microvessel imaging without significantly increasing computational cost compared to traditional delay and sum (DAS). NSI is a non-linear beamforming technique that operates on receive data by subtracting envelopes of beamforming results from three apodization windows. An array transducer and Verasonics Vantage 256 system were used to capture 1600 frames of raw ultrasonic radio frequency (RF) channel data by scanning a rat brain using nine plane waves spanning angles between -4° and 4° at a pulse repetition frequency of 1000 Hz. A singular value decomposition filter was applied on the raw RF channel data to filter out the tissue signal. Coherent compounding was performed individually on the beamformed result for each apodization window. Next, the subtraction of the envelopes for each apodization was conducted to form the NSI image. A total of 1,600 frames of NSI images were accumulated to form the final image. The NSI based ultrafast power Doppler microvessel imaging provided a ten-fold improvement in spatial resolution and a three-fold improvement in image contrast compared with the traditional DAS-based ultrafast power Doppler microvessel imaging.
Resolution and contrast improved ultrafast power Doppler microvessel imaging with null subtraction imaging
Michael L. Oelze, Zhengchang Kou; Resolution and contrast improved ultrafast power Doppler microvessel imaging with null subtraction imaging. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 March 2023; 153 (3_supplement): A30. https://doi.org/10.1121/10.0018043
Download citation file: