Super-resolution ultrasound surpasses diffraction limits by localizing spatio-temporally separable contrast agents and generates images that significantly exceed the resolution of conventional B-mode imaging methods. However, the ability to detect contrast agents and to separate their signal from the underlying tissue and from sources of image degradation such as phase aberration or reverberation clutter remains a process that is governed by fundamental wave propagation and beamforming. Here, super-resolution imaging and improvements in contrast detection, imaging depth, resolution, and registration accuracy are demonstrated using conventional and non-conventional beamforming methods in 2D and 3D. Three different imaging schemes: (a) single plane-wave, (b) three steered plane-wave compounding, and (c) 256 focused transmits are compared in vivo to quantify the improvements in contrast detection. Wide-beam 3D transcranial super-resolution and power Doppler images through a human and macaque skull are demonstrated using a 1.5 MHz sparse matrix array. These partially and fully focused methods are also demonstrated transcranially in rodents using 2D imaging at 15 MHz and volumetric imaging at 8 MHz. Finally super-harmonic super-resolution imaging approaches are demonstrated for stationary and moving bubbles in murine tumors. These imaging methods extend the capabilities of super-resolution imaging and may improve the clinical translatability of the technique.