Articulatory trajectories are useful for measuring speech properties, but come with complications: a given trajectory may be influenced by multiple articulators and/or multiple overlapping gestures. Standard procedure is to identify landmarks from the trajectory and its velocity. I present a new procedure: higher order derivatives can be used to identify gesture onsets. High-order derivatives are generally associated with signal noise, and therefore not considered to be meaningful. More broadly, however, they reflect the jaggedness or un-smoothness of a signal, which can derive from sources other than random noise. I demonstrate that such jaggedness at gesture onsets is both predicted by the task dynamic model of speech production (Saltzman & Munhall 1989) and observed in real EMA data. Articulator trajectories generated with the Task Dynamics Application (TADA) Matlab implementation of this model (Nam & Goldstein 2004) show a pattern of increasing activity around changes in gestural activation and decreasing activity elsewhere as successive derivatives are taken. This was confirmed in EMA data on glides, demonstrating not only that the effect is real, but that it can be measurable above other noise. Activation noise can be isolated with targeted filtering, and may yield new insights into speech motor control.
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October 01 2020
Using high-order derivatives of articulatory trajectories to identify gesture onsets
J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 148, 2654 (2020)
Dan Cameron Burgdorf; Using high-order derivatives of articulatory trajectories to identify gesture onsets. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 October 2020; 148 (4_Supplement): 2654. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5147387
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