Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disease that affects millions of people worldwide. The goal of this study was to test a new ultrasonic technique developed for clinical bone assessment called the backscatter amplitude decay constant (BADC). Ultrasonic backscatter measurements were performed on 97 volunteers at the left and right femoral necks using an ultrasonic imaging system (Terason T3000) equipped with a 3.5 MHz convex array transducer. The backscatter signals were analyzed to determine the backscatter amplitude decay constant (BADC), a parameter that measures the exponential decay in the amplitude of the backscatter signal. For comparison, additional ultrasonic measurements were performed at the left and right heels using an ultrasonometer (GE Achilles EXPII) to measure the stiffness index of the calcaneus. BADC demonstrated weak but statistically significant correlations with stiffness index (R < 0.25, p < 0.05). With further refinement of the measurement technique, BADC may be a useful parameter for ultrasonic bone assessment.
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Ultrasonic measurements of the femoral neck in human volunteers using the backscatter amplitude decay constant
Sarah I. Delahunt, Kiera L. Downey, Loukas A. Georgiou, Aubrey J. Gray, Doni M. Thomas, Gia Pirro, Will R. Newman, Evan N. Main, Joshua T. Moore, Brent K. Hoffmeister; Ultrasonic measurements of the femoral neck in human volunteers using the backscatter amplitude decay constant. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 October 2020; 148 (4_Supplement): 2561. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5147108
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