Ultrasound imaging has tissue and blood imaging modes. This report describes development of a kidney stone imaging mode. Two plane pulses generate a B-mode image. Overlaid in color are regions of high decorrelation between the pulses. Our previous data [UMB, 39, 1026–1038 (2013)] indicate the pulses excite bubbles on the stone surface, which causes the decorrelation. As such this mode automatically identifies stones in the image while scanning at a high frame rate. Further in a control box placed on the stone, highly focused beams are scanned across the stone and a harmonic B-mode image is produced to sharpen the lateral resolution. This mode is used to refine the size and shape of the stone. The first mode is used to aid visualization of stones. Our team is also using it to target and track stones that move with respiration during shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and as an indicator of stone susceptibility to SWL since surface bubbles contribute to comminution. Improved stone sizing by the second mode aids treatment planning, and resolution of surface roughness is another indicator of stone fragility. [Work supported by NIH DK043881, NIH DK092197, and NSBRI through NASA NCC 9-58.]
Meeting abstract. No PDF available.
An ultrasound system to identify and characterize kidney stones
Bryan W. Cunitz, Barbrina L. Dunmire, Mathew D. Sorensen, Ryan Hsi, Franklin Lee, Oleg A. Sapozhnikov, Jonathan D. Harper, Michael Bailey; An ultrasound system to identify and characterize kidney stones. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 November 2013; 134 (5_Supplement): 3976. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4830485
Download citation file: