The change in fundamental frequency with subglottal pressure in phonation is quantified on the basis of the ratio between vibrational amplitude and vocal fold length. This ratio is typically very small in stringed instruments, but becomes quite appreciable in vocal fold vibration. Tension in vocal fold tissues is, therefore, not constant over the vibratory cycle, and a dynamic tension gives rise to amplitude–frequency dependence. It is shown that the typical 2–6 Hz/cm H2O rise in fundamental frequency with subglottal pressure observed in human and canine larynges is a direct and predictable consequence of this amplitude–frequency dependence. Results are presently limited to phonation in the chest register.

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