Responses to two‐tone stimuli were recorded from auditory‐nerve fibers in anesthetized cats. One tone, the suppressor, was set at a frequency above characteristic frequency and was fixed in intensity. A second tone was set at an excitatory frequency and was varied in intensity. The suppressor tone, when set at a sufficient level, always reduced the response to the excitatory tone by an amount equivalent to a fixed number of decibels, regardless of the excitatory tone’s intensity. Estimates of suppression magnitude were derived from shifts in rate‐intensity function obtained when the suppressor tone was present relative to the functions obtained for the excitatory tone alone. When suppressor‐tone intensity was increased, suppression magnitude likewise increased. When the two tones were increasingly separated in frequency, either by varying the excitor or by varying the suppressor, suppression magnitude decreased monotonically. Suppression behaved in the same manner regardless of whether the suppressor tone was excitatory or nonexcitatory. When frequency separation was small enough and when both tones were above the neuron’s characteristic frequency, responses synchronized to low‐order combination tones could be elicited. These responses usually possessed different rate‐intensity characteristics and resulted in estimates of suppression magnitude which were spuriously low. When frequency separation is normalized with regard to position of traveling wave maxima within the cochlear duct, the magnitude of two‐tone suppression for a given suppressor‐tone intensity is seen to be frequency independent.

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