Recent timing control research has shown that when a smaller linguistic segment within a repeated utterance is produced either shorter or longer than its average duration, the resulting deviation constitutes a timing error that is temporally compensated by the remaining segments in the utterance. In the present study, timing errors and the extent to which they are compensated define different levels of temporal interaction. Temporal interactions were studied within a phrase spoken in isolation and within the same phrase spoken in a sentence context. Preliminary data from four adult male speakers of American English suggest that there is no basic or single unit of speech timing and that a correct model of timing is likely to have both “chaining” and “preplanning” features.

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