Four correlation systems are studied which make use of two pressure‐gradient receivers having first‐order cosine directional characteristics. The systems differ in the methods of steering both the receivers and the receiver baseline. The steering may be accomplished by rotation or by the insertion of appropriate time delays. The mean, variance, and output signal‐noise ratio are computed for each system when a distant localized signal source is present in both circular and spherical noise fields. In addition, the directive properties of the mean outputs are examined. For a signal with rectangular power spectrum, the main lobe widths of the mean outputs are found, the behavior of the means in the neighborhood of source direction is examined, and an investigation is made of the mean output level for steering directions removed from source direction.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.