The goal of this paper is to implement and deploy an automated detector and localization model to locate underwater marine organisms using their low-frequency pulse sounds. This model is based on time difference of arrival (TDOA) and uses a two-stage approach, first, to identify the sound and, second, to localize it. In the first stage, an adaptive matched filter (MF) is designed and implemented to detect and determine the timing of the sound pulses recorded by the hydrophones. The adaptive MF measures the signal and noise levels to determine an adaptive threshold for the pulse detection. In the second stage, the detected sound pulses are fed to a TDOA localization algorithm to compute the locations of the sound source. Despite the uncertainties stemming from various factors that might cause errors in position estimates, it is shown that the errors in source locations are within the dimensions of the array. Further, our method was applied to the localization of Goliath grouper pulse-like calls from a six-hydrophone array. It was revealed that the intrinsic error of the model was about 2 m for an array spanned over 50 m. This method can be used to automatically process large amount of acoustic data and provide a precise description of small scale movements of marine organisms that produce low-frequency sound pulses.
Detection and localization of Goliath grouper using their low-frequency pulse sounds
Ali Salem Altaher, Hanqi Zhuang, Ali K. Ibrahim, Ali Muhamed Ali, Ahmed Altaher, James Locascio, Michael P. McCallister, Matthew J. Ajemian, Laurent M. Chérubin; Detection and localization of Goliath grouper using their low-frequency pulse sounds. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 April 2023; 153 (4): 2190. https://doi.org/10.1121/10.0017804
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