Room acoustic simulations using the finite-difference time-domain method on a wide frequency range can be computationally expensive and typically contain numerical dispersion. Numerical dispersion can be audible and, thus, constitutes an artifact in auralizations. There is a need to measure perceptual thresholds for numerical dispersion to achieve an optimal balance between computational complexity and audibility of dispersion. This work measures the perceptual detection thresholds for numerical dispersion in binaural auralizations of two acoustically different rooms. Numerical dispersion is incorporated into measured binaural room impulse responses (BRIRs) by the means of filters that represent the dispersion that plane waves experience, which propagate in the simulation in the direction of the worst-case dispersion error. The results show that the perceptual detection threshold is generally lower for the most reverberant room and greatly depends on the source signal independently of the room in which the threshold is measured. It is the most noticeable in the pure BRIRs, i.e., with an impulse as source signal, and almost unnoticeable with speech. The results also show that there was no statistical evidence that the perceptual thresholds for the conditions where numerical dispersion was present or absent in the direct path of the BRIRs be different.
Perceptual detection thresholds for numerical dispersion in binaural auralizations of two acoustically different rooms
Julie Meyer, Tapio Lokki, Jens Ahrens; Perceptual detection thresholds for numerical dispersion in binaural auralizations of two acoustically different rooms. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 October 2022; 152 (4): 2266–2276. https://doi.org/10.1121/10.0014830
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