Across-frequency binaural interference occurs when the sensitivity to changes in interaural differences in a target sound is decreased by a spectrally remote diotic interfering sound. For interaural time differences (ITDs), low-frequency (e.g., 0.5 kHz) interferers cause more interference on high-frequency (e.g., 4 kHz) targets than vice versa. For interaural level differences (ILDs), however, it is unclear if a frequency dependence exists. Therefore, ILD discrimination thresholds and across-frequency binaural interference were measured for target and interferer frequencies between 0.5 and 8 kHz (for tones) or 12 kHz (for narrowband noises). For tones, 8-kHz targets experienced the least interference and 8-kHz interferers produced the most interference, suggesting that higher-frequency ILDs are a more heavily weighted localization cue than lower-frequency ILDs. For narrowband noises, the frequency-dependent interference patterns increased in complexity in comparison to tones. Low-frequency ITD dominance (from randomly varying onset ITDs) and grouping cues (e.g., envelope modulations) might explain some of the complexity in the interference patterns for the noises. These data contribute to a better understanding of across-frequency ILD processing, which remains poorly understood.

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