This paper investigates the performance of one-eighth Spherical Fraction Microphone Array through experimental measurement to analyze acoustic scenes in one-eighth of space. The array geometry is designed to be placed in a room corner at the junction of three acoustically rigid walls. Two prototypes are built with 8 and 16 microphones, respectively. The sampling strategy is discussed and a spatial aliasing analysis is carried out both analytically and by numerical simulations. The array performances are evaluated through Spherical Fraction Beamforming (SFB). This approach is based on the decomposition of the acoustic pressure field in a rigid bounded domain. The localization angular error and Directivity Index criterion are evaluated for both arrays. In a first experiment, the arrays are mounted in an eighth of space built inside an anechoic room. The results are compared with simulation and show consistency. The theoretical limitations of SFB in a rigid bounded one-eighth of space are retrieved experimentally. These limitations are also observed in a real configuration: an office room. Further investigations on SFB are also conducted in the case of a virtual scene constructed with two sound sources.
Experimental acoustic scene analysis using One-Eighth spherical fraction microphone array
T. Blanchard, P. Lecomte, M. Melon, L. Simon, K. Hassan, R. Nicol; Experimental acoustic scene analysis using One-Eighth spherical fraction microphone array. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 January 2022; 151 (1): 180–192. https://doi.org/10.1121/10.0009230
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