Although commonly recorded as onset responses, the auditory brainstem response (ABR) can also be elicited at stimulus offset. The offset ABR has not been extensively investigated in marine mammals. Three normal hearing (NH) and three hearing impaired (HI) dolphins were assessed while fully submerged in sea water. Stimulus spectrum, level, rise/fall time (RFT), and plateau duration were manipulated. Onset and offset ABR amplitude were quantified as the rms voltage 1–7 ms following stimulus onset or offset, respectively. For the same stimulus conditions, onset and offset responses were often larger for NH than HI dolphins, and offset responses were typically smaller than onset responses. For the level series, offset response amplitude typically increased with increasing stimulus level, although offset responses were not 3 dB above the noisefloor for 113-kHz tonebursts. Increasing RFT decreased onset and offset response amplitude. For the 40-kHz tonebursts, a RFT of 32 μs produced a large amplitude offset ABR in NH dolphins. Offset responses for 113-kHz tonebursts were 3 dB above the noisefloor at the shortest RFTs. Offset responses were largest for 4 ms duration stimuli (likely due to overlapping onset and offset response analysis windows), but otherwise, offset responses changed little with increasing duration.
Offset auditory brainstem response (ABR) amplitude in bottlenose dolphins
Robert Burkard, James J. Finneran, Jason Mulsow, Ryan Jones; Offset auditory brainstem response (ABR) amplitude in bottlenose dolphins. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 September 2020; 148 (3): 1445–1455. https://doi.org/10.1121/10.0001900
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