An accurate solution of the wave equation at a fluid-solid interface requires a correct implementation of the boundary condition. Boundary conditions at fluid-solid interface require continuity of the normal component of particle velocity and traction, whereas the tangential components vanish. A main challenge is to model interface waves, namely, the Scholte and leaky Rayleigh waves. This study uses a nodal discontinuous Galerkin (dG) finite-element method with the medium discretized using an unstructured uniform triangular meshes. The natural boundary conditions in the dG method are implemented by (1) using an explicit upwind numerical flux and (2) by using an implicit penalty flux and setting the modulus of rigidity of the acoustic medium to zero. The accuracy of these methods is evaluated by comparing the numerical solutions with analytical ones, with source and receiver at and away from the interface. The study shows that the solutions obtained from the explicit and implicit boundary conditions provide the correct results. The stability of the dG scheme is determined by the numerical flux, which also implements the boundary conditions by unifying the numerical solution at shared edges of the elements in an energy stable manner.
Waves at a fluid-solid interface: Explicit versus implicit formulation of boundary conditions using a discontinuous Galerkin method
Khemraj Shukla, José M. Carcione, Jan S. Hesthaven, Elizabeth L'heureux; Waves at a fluid-solid interface: Explicit versus implicit formulation of boundary conditions using a discontinuous Galerkin method. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 May 2020; 147 (5): 3136–3150. https://doi.org/10.1121/10.0001170
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