Speech perception is a multi-sensory experience. Visual information enhances [Sumby and Pollack (1954). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 25, 212–215] and interferes [McGurk and MacDonald (1976). Nature 264, 746–748] with speech perception. Similarly, tactile information, transmitted by puffs of air arriving at the skin and aligned with speech audio, alters [Gick and Derrick (2009). Nature 462, 502–504] auditory speech perception in noise. It has also been shown that aero-tactile information influences visual speech perception when an auditory signal is absent [Derrick, Bicevskis, and Gick (2019a). Front. Commun. Lang. Sci. 3(61), 1–11]. However, researchers have not yet identified the combined influence of aero-tactile, visual, and auditory information on speech perception. The effects of matching and mismatching visual and tactile speech on two-way forced-choice auditory syllable-in-noise classification tasks were tested. The results showed that both visual and tactile information altered the signal-to-noise threshold for accurate identification of auditory signals. Similar to previous studies, the visual component has a strong influence on auditory syllable-in-noise identification, as evidenced by a 28.04 dB improvement in SNR between matching and mismatching visual stimulus presentations. In comparison, the tactile component had a small influence resulting in a 1.58 dB SNR match-mismatch range. The effects of both the audio and tactile information were shown to be additive.
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November 25 2019
Tri-modal speech: Audio-visual-tactile integration in speech perception
Donald Derrick, Doreen Hansmann, Catherine Theys; Tri-modal speech: Audio-visual-tactile integration in speech perception. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 November 2019; 146 (5): 3495–3504. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5134064
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