A method is presented for measurements of secondary acoustic radiation forces acting on solid particles in a plain ultrasonic standing wave. The method allows for measurements of acoustic interaction forces between particles located in arbitrary positions such as in between a pressure node and a pressure antinode. By utilizing a model that considers both density- and compressibility-dependent effects, the observed particle−particle interaction dynamics can be well understood. Two differently sized polystyrene micro-particles (4.8 and 25 μm, respectively) were used in order to achieve pronounced interaction effects. The particulate was subjected to a 2-MHz ultrasonic standing wave in a microfluidic channel, such as commonly used for acoustophoresis. Observation of deflections in the particle pathways shows that the particle interaction force is not negligible under this circumstance and has to be considered in accurate particle manipulation applications. The effect is primarily pronounced when the distance between two particles is small, the sizes of the particles are different, and the acoustic properties of the particles are different relative to the media. As predicted by theory, the authors also observe that the interaction forces are affected by the angle between the inter-particle centerline and the axis of the standing wave propagation direction.
Acoustic dipole and monopole effects in solid particle interaction dynamics during acoustophoresis
Davood Saeidi, Mohsen Saghafian, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Björn Hammarström, Martin Wiklund; Acoustic dipole and monopole effects in solid particle interaction dynamics during acoustophoresis. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 June 2019; 145 (6): 3311–3319. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5110303
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