Sound intensity measurements using two microphones have traditionally been processed using a cross-spectral method with inherent error in the finite-sum and finite-difference formulas. The phase and amplitude gradient estimator method (PAGE) has been seen experimentally to extend the bandwidth of broadband active intensity estimates by an order of magnitude. To provide an analytical foundation for the method, bias errors in active intensity and specific acoustic impedance are presented and compared to those of the traditional method. Bias errors are reported for a plane-wave field and sound radiated from a monopole and a dipole. Additionally, bias errors are reported for reactive intensity, the estimation of which is unchanged by the PAGE method for the two-microphone case.

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