Sound generation due to an orifice plate in a hard-walled flow duct which is commonly used in air distribution systems (ADS) and flow meters is investigated. The aim is to provide an understanding of this noise generation mechanism based on measurements of the source pressure distribution over the orifice plate. A simple model based on Curle's acoustic analogy is described that relates the broadband in-duct sound field to the surface pressure cross spectrum on both sides of the orifice plate. This work describes careful measurements of the surface pressure cross spectrum over the orifice plate from which the surface pressure distribution and correlation length is deduced. This information is then used to predict the radiated in-duct sound field. Agreement within 3 dB between the predicted and directly measured sound fields is obtained, providing direct confirmation that the surface pressure fluctuations acting over the orifice plates are the main noise sources. Based on the developed model, the contributions to the sound field from different radial locations of the orifice plate are calculated. The surface pressure is shown to follow a U3.9 velocity scaling law and the area over which the surface sources are correlated follows a U1.8 velocity scaling law.
Investigation of the sound generation mechanisms for in-duct orifice plates
Fuyang Tao, Phillip Joseph, Xin Zhang, Oksana Stalnov, Matthias Siercke, Henning Scheel; Investigation of the sound generation mechanisms for in-duct orifice plates. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 August 2017; 142 (2): 561–572. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4996459
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