Accurate measurement of high-amplitude, broadband shock pulses in air is an important part of laboratory-scale experiments in atmospheric acoustics. Although various methods have been developed, specific drawbacks still exist and need to be addressed. Here, a schlieren optical method was used to reconstruct the pressure signatures of nonlinear spherically diverging short acoustic pulses generated using an electric spark source (2.5 kPa, 33 μs at 10 cm from the source) in homogeneous air. A high-speed camera was used to capture light rays deflected by refractive index inhomogeneities, caused by the acoustic wave. Pressure waveforms were reconstructed from the light intensity patterns in the recorded images using an Abel-type inversion method. Absolute pressure levels were determined by analyzing at different propagation distances the duration of the compression phase of pulses, which changed due to nonlinear propagation effects. Numerical modeling base on the generalized Burgers equation was used to evaluate the smearing of the waveform caused by finite exposure time of the high-speed camera and corresponding limitations in resolution of the schlieren technique. The proposed method allows the study of the evolution of spark-generated shock waves in air starting from the very short distances from the spark, 30 mm, up to 600 mm.
Characterization of spark-generated N-waves in air using an optical schlieren method
Also at: Laboratoire de Mécanique des Fluides et d'Acoustique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5509, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, Université Lyon I, 36 Avenue Guy de Collongue, F-69134 Ecully Cedex, France.
Maria M. Karzova, Petr V. Yuldashev, Vera A. Khokhlova, Sébastien Ollivier, Edouard Salze, Philippe Blanc-Benon; Characterization of spark-generated N-waves in air using an optical schlieren method. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 June 2015; 137 (6): 3244–3252. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4921026
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