Mounting evidence suggests that listeners perceptually compensate for the adverse effects of reverberation in rooms when listening to speech monaurally. However, it is not clear whether the underlying perceptual mechanism would be at all effective in the high levels of stimulus uncertainty that are present in everyday listening. Three experiments investigated monaural compensation with a consonant identification task in which listeners heard different speech on each trial. Consonant confusions frequently arose when a greater degree of reverberation was added to a test-word than to its surrounding context, but compensation became apparent in conditions where the context reverberation was increased to match that of the test-word; here, the confusions were largely resolved. A second experiment shows that information from the test-word itself can also effect compensation. Finally, the time course of compensation was examined by applying reverberation to a portion of the preceding context; consonant identification improves as this portion increases in duration. These findings indicate a monaural compensation mechanism that is likely to be effective in everyday listening, allowing listeners to recalibrate as their reverberant environment changes.

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