Echolocation signals from Baird's beaked whales were recorded during visual and acoustic shipboard surveys of cetaceans in the California Current ecosystem and with autonomous, long-term recorders in the Southern California Bight. The preliminary measurement of the visually validated Baird's beaked whale echolocation signals from towed array data were used as a basis for identifying Baird's signals in the autonomous recorder data. Two distinct signal types were found, one being a beaked whale-like frequency modulated (FM) pulse, the other being a dolphin-like broadband click. The median FM inter-pulse interval was 230 ms. Both signal types showed a consistent multi-peak structure in their spectra with peaks at ∼9, 16, 25, and 40 kHz. Depending on signal type, as well as recording aspect and distance to the hydrophone, these peaks varied in relative amplitude. The description of Baird's echolocation signals will allow for studies of their distribution and abundance using towed array data without associated visual sightings and from autonomous seafloor hydrophones.
Baird's beaked whale echolocation signals
Also at: Southwest Fisheries Science Center, 8901 La Jolla Shores Drive, La Jolla, CA 92037, and Joint Doctoral Program in Ecology, San Diego State University and UC Davis, 5500 Companile Dr., San Diego, CA 92182.
Simone Baumann-Pickering, Tina M. Yack, Jay Barlow, Sean M. Wiggins, John A. Hildebrand; Baird's beaked whale echolocation signals. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1 June 2013; 133 (6): 4321–4331. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4804316
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